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Friday, December 9, 2011

Several Important Rules of Tag question

Several Important Rules of Tag question:

1.    mvnvh¨Kvix V. hy³ positive/affirmative tag: mvnvh¨Kvix V. hy³ sentence †K tag question G i“cvš—i Kivi mgq cÖ`Ë sentence Gi mvnvh¨Kvix V. hy³ n‡q Positive sentence Gi †¶‡Î Negative tag e‡m|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë Sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma (,) + cÖ`Ë Sentence Gi auxi. V. + n’t + sentence Gi Sub. wU c~bivq e‡m + note of interrogation (?). I am a student, aren’t/ain’t I? He is crying, isn’t he?
2.    Auxi. V. wenxb positive/affirmative tag : hw` †Kvb sentence G auxi. V. bv _v‡K Ges Zv positive nq, ZLb tag question MV‡b Present/Past Indefinite Tense G don’t / doesn’t /didn’t e‡m|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma (,) + do/does/didn’t + cÖ`Ë sentence Gi Sub. c~bivq e‡m +? He reads a book, doesn’t he? He sang well, didn’t he?
3.    Auxi. V. hy³ Negative tag: Auxi. V. hy³ sentence †K Tag question G i“cvš—i Kivi mgq cÖ`Ë sentence Gi Auxi. V. hy³ n‡q Neg. sentence Gi †¶‡Î positive tag/affirmative tag nq|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma + cÖ`Ë auxiliary V.  cÖ`Ë sentence Sub. + not of interrogation. He has not done the work, has he?
4.    We: hw` g~j sentence Gi Sub. Plural nq| We e¨wZZ Ab¨ me †¶‡Î tag G i“cvš—‡ii mgq Auxi. V. Gi ci they e‡m| Fishes can swim, can’t they? The boys play football, don’t they?
5.    There: There hy³ sentence Gi There †K Sub. wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡i tag question Kiv nq| There is something wrong with him, isn’t there? There were not many problems, were there?
6.    Let’s:  Imperative sentence hw` let’s w`‡q ïi“ nq Zvn‡j sentence Gi †k‡l shall we e¨envi K‡i Tag question Ki‡Z nq|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma + shall we + ? let’s us go out for a walk, shall we? let’s do the work, shall we?
7.    Don’t: Imperative sentence hw` Don’t w`‡q ïi“ nq Z‡e sentence Gi †k‡l will you e¨envi K‡i tag question Ki‡Z nq|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma + will you + ? Don’t waste your time, will you? Don’t forget him, will you?
8.    Everybody, everyone, somebody, someone, nobody, noone, anyone, none, neither, etc. †Kvb sentence Gi Sub. n‡j tag question Kivi mgq H mg¯— Sub. Gi cwie‡Z© Pronoun “They” e¨eüZ nq|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma + cÖ`Ë auxi. V. + they + ? Everyone loves his country, don’t they? Neither of them complained, did they? I don’t suppose anyone will object, will they? Someone had recognized him, hadn’t they? Everything looks nice, don’t they? Every mother loves her child, don’t they?
9.    Be Verb hy³ Exclamatory sentence: Be verb hy³ Exclamatory sentence Gi †¶‡Î tag question Kivi mgq isn’t/aren’t e‡m Ges Sub. noun n‡j pronoun wU e‡m|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma + isn’t + aren’t + cÖ`Ë sentence Gi Sub. + note of interrogation. How beautiful the garden is, isn’t it?
10.  g~j Verb hy³ Exclamatory sentence : g~j verb hy³  Exclamatory sentence Gi †¶‡Î tag question Kivi mgq don’t/doesn’t/didn’t e‡m Ges Sub. noun n‡j pronoun wU e‡m|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq cÖ_‡g e‡m + comma + do/does/did n’t + cÖ`Ë sentence Gi Sub. + ? How sweetly the bird sings, doesn’t it?
11.  Nothing: Sub wn‡m‡e Nothing e¨eüZ n‡j tag question G it Sub. wn‡m‡e e‡m|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma + cÖ`Ë auxi. V. + it +? Nothing can do without hard work, can it? Nothing is certain, is it?
12.  Hardly, rarely, scarcely, barely, never, seldom, bit, no sooner, none, nobody, noone, nothing, without, few, little, etc. Negative kã †Kvb ev‡K¨ _vK‡j evK¨wU bv‡evaK A_© cÖKvk K‡i, ZLb tag question wU affirmative nq| There is little water in Romma Lake, is there? He hardly loves her, does he? It has hardly rained at all this summer, has it?
13.  Sub. & Auxi. V. : g~j ev‡K¨ Sub. & Auxi. V. msw¶ß AvKv‡i Ae¯’vb Ki‡j tag question Kivi Av‡M msw¶ß AvKv‡ii mwVK i“cwU wbwðZ n‡Z n‡e| †m †¶‡Î hw` V. wU Present form Gi nq Zvn‡j He’d †K He would ai‡Z n‡e| Avi hw` V. wU Past participle nq Z‡e He’d †K He had ai‡Z n‡e| He’d go there, would n’t he? He’d gone there, had n’t he?
14.  g~j V. w`‡q ïi“ hy³ Imperative sentence : Imperative sentence g~j V. w`‡q ïi“ n‡j tag question Kivi mgq wb‡gœv³ structure wU Abymib Ki‡Z n‡e|
       å Structure: cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq e‡m + comma + won’t/ will you/could you/can you/can’t you/would you + note of interrogation.
ð    N.B.I.S. G hLb †kªvZvi m¤§wZ Avnevb Kiv nq ZLb won’t you e¨eüZ nq| G Qvov hLb †Kvb wKQz Ki‡Z ejv/Aby‡iva Kiv nq ZLb will you/would you/can you/could you/can’t you e‡m| Open the door, won’t you? Open the door please, will you/would you/can you/can’t you/could you/ couldn’t you? Give me a pen, can you?
15.  ‘I’: Sub: ‘I’ hy³ affirmative sentence †K tag question Kivi mgq cÖ`Ë sentence wU AcwiewZ©Z Ae¯’vq cÖ_‡g e‡m| + comma + aren’t + I + ? e‡m| I am happy, aren’t I?
16.  ‡Kvb sentence G principle clause Ges subordinate clause  _vK‡j principle clause wUi tag question Ki‡Z n‡e| It is found that an ancient king had many wives, is n’t it?
17.  Ought to: affirmative sentence G Ought to _vK‡j tag question Kivi mgq should e¨envi Ki‡Z nq| Students ought to study regularly, shouldn’t they?
18.  British and American style: wb‡P British Ges American Gi e¨enviMZ cv_©K¨ †`Lv‡bv njt He had a sharp look, had n’t he? (British). He had a sharp look, did n’t he (American).

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